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BY THE REV. WM. RANKIN DURYEA, D.D. 1877
THE AMOY MISSION -- Part 1
(Scanned and edited April 1st, 2008, by Bill
Brown, Xiamen University)
Note: It took me a couple of years to find this! I searched abebooks.com
but found only a 40-page photocopy at "Book Look" (they list
it several times, at different prices, up to $70). I finally found
that it was in my copy of Sangster,
Mrs. Margaret E., Ed., ¡°A Manual of the Missions of the Reformed (Dutch)
Church in America,¡± Board of Publication of the Reformed Church in America,
New York, 1877, pp.170-209
I hope it is useful
to you--and saves you a lot of time and $70!
Part 1 Part
2 Part 3
Amoy Mission: Woman in China
THE land of China
has excited, for centuries, the highest interest among Christian nations.
Its situation, its immense population, the organization of its government,
and its long preservation, arrest the thought of every student. Its knowledge
of the different branches of science, and its development in the useful
arts, humble our Western pride. The use of the mariner's compass, of gunpowder,
of the thread of the silkworm, was common in China long before Christian
nations had learned their value. Travelers through "Cathay,"
in the Middle Ages, brought back reports which were deemed almost fabulous,
of the wealth, intelligence and order which prevailed. There was the great
wall on the Northern border, thirteen hundred miles in length, and thirty
feet in height, on whose top six horsemen could ride abreast.
There were the numberless "pagodas," or heathen temples, the
must famous being that of Nanking, which was faced with porcelain of various
tints, and rose to a height of two hundred and sixty-one feet, and consisted
of nine stories. Each story was ornamented according to Chinese taste,
with lanterns, pictures, images and pithy proverbs. Each story had a landing
place, where was a window from which an agreeable and extensive view could
be taken of the city, the river and the distant country. The numerous
bells jingled in every passing breeze, and on festival nights, all the
lanterns were lighted.
This pagoda, after standing sixteen centuries, was destroyed by the rebels
in 1858. It was built in the middle of the third century, by the reigning
Emperor, as a monument to his mother's memory; but it was also a temple
of idolatry, tilled from base to top with idol gods.
There was the majestic river, the Yang-tse-kiang, flowing for three thousand
miles, and crowded with the traffic of scores and hundreds of cities.
Within these swarming marts of business, rose costly homes amid the lower
buildings and bazaars, while stately palaces were filled with princely
officials, whose pride manifested itself in pretensions far above those
of the haughtiest courts of Europe.
Modern travel has confirmed the truth of many of the narratives which
were once received as fanciful. China is, indeed, a land tilled with a
wonderful civilization; but a civilization which seems to have reached
its limit centuries ago, and from that date to be unprogressive. Thus
fossilized, it strikes the mind with astonishment. We look forward, for
instance, to intelligence in all our rulers, as greatly to be desired;
for centuries literary eminence has been in China the only path to official
Below the princely order, every ruler of the land must pass an examination
of his attainments in knowledge, the "five classics," the "four
sacred books," and Chinese history, giving the subjects. Great halls
in Peking, the Northern capital, receive the students from universities
and schools, who submit themselves to these tests year by year. This intelligence
has undoubtedly made the Government strong and enduring, but it has not
saved it from becoming corrupt and cruel almost beyond expression. The
accompanying picture gives an accurate representation of the interior
of a Confucian temple in Peking. In the matter of religion, China is in
the deepest darkness. Its teachers have never developed the people in
love to God and fellow men. Indifference to all that is spiritual seems
a national characteristic. Long before Jesus came to earth, Confucius
and Lao-tse left systems of morality, which have been studied by millions
of the higher classes. Their doctrines, after the lapse of twenty-five
hundred years, are seen as producing nothing in the life of their followers
which is really noble and pure. The Buddhist religion is followed by the
masses of the Empire; a religion which is a round of forms', and which
holds out the promise of annihilation as its last reward.
Part 1 Part
2 Part 3
Amoy Mission: Woman in China
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