Amoy Magic Guide to Xiamen and Fujian Main Page MenuClick to Access
Amoy Magic Guide to Xiamen and Fujian Main Page MenuClick to Access

Travel Guide for Xiamen and Fujian
AmoyMagic-- Travel , Resident and Business Guide to Xiamen and Fujian
Xiamen Gulangyu Kulangyu Kolongsoo Kolongsu KulongsuGulangyu
Jimei Tan Kah Kee Jimei University Turtle Garden Jimei AmoyMagic-- Travel , Resident and Business Guide to Xiamen and FujianTong'an
Jinmen Quemoy Matsu Taiwan
Zhangzhou  changchow Zhangzhou
Discover Quanzhou, ancient start of maritime silk route ( or Zaytun Zaitun Zaiton ) from which Marco Polo sailed,  Sinbad the Arab visited.  ChinchewQuanzhou Wuyi Mountain Guide Zhuxi  tea Wuyi
Wuyi Mountain Guide Zhuxi  tea Fuzhou new!
Favorite Fujian tourist sites , in order: Xiamen Quanzhou Longyan Hakka earthen houses Wuyi mountain Ningde #1Fujian Sites
Photographs of Fuhken places like Zhangzhou, Longyan, Ningde, Sanming, Wuyi Mountain
Fujian Foto Album
Guidebooks about Fujian and Xiamen Fujian Adventure Discover Quanzhou Discover Gulangyu Magic Fujian etc.Books on Fujian
Letters from AmoyMagic ReadersReaders'Letters

Ningde Taimu Mountain ZhouningNingde Zhouning Carp VillageZhouning
Longyan Yongding Hakka round houses earthen architectureLongyan Sanming Scenic Wonderland Mingxi Gem bed rubies Sanming
Putian Fujian Xianyou Mazu TemplePutian Fujian covered wooden bridgesBridges
Xiamen travel agents and ticketing for trains, planes and automobilesTravel Info,
Hakka Earthen architecture Hakka Roundhouses
Xiamen Travel Agents and Tour Guides English SpeakingTravel Agents
Fujian Mosques and Islamic associations ChinaMosquesIslamic Mosques in Fujian ChinaFujian Temples -- Buddhist Taoist Confucian Mazu Matsu Manichaean etcTemplesIslamic Mosques in Fujian China

Misc. Links Amoy Tigers, Chinese Inventions, Darwinian Driving etc
Historical and Modern Amoy People -- Colorful Characters!Amoy People! amoy mission missionaries
Darwinian Driving Survival of the Fastest DarwinDarwin Driving
Darwin Chinese Driving Survival of fastest
South China Tigers -- our Amoy Kitty CatsAmoy Tigers
Chinese inventions compass gunpowder printing paper zoos newspaper etc.Chinese Inventions
1994 80 day 40,000 km drive to Tibet & backTibet in 80 Days!forty thousand kilometer drive around China
Dethroned Perils of Chinese Potty ToiletDethroned!
Chinese bathrooms
Writings by Bill Brown about life in China,  Fukien Xiamen etc. Includes 80 Day Drive to Tibet  Darwinian Driving Misc.Writings
Latest news tips ideas updatesLatest News
OpiumWars short history and background of the Opium Wars between China Britain Europe missionaries battle against opium addiction etc.Lord of Opium
Kite Flying in Xiamen ChinaBack to Main Page

Chinese Kung Fu and Martial Arts Korean Tae Kwon Do  Japanese Jujitsu Southern Shaolin Kung FuMartial arts Chinese Kung FuKung Fu


AmoyMagic--Guide to Xiamen & Fujian
Copyright 2001-7 by Sue Brown & Dr. Bill Help Build an online  community for foreigners.  Join the Xiamen Guide forumOrder Books Common Talk Xiamen Dailys Weekly English SupplementXiamenguide Forum Guide to Xiamen and Fujian business tourism history culture cuisine entertainment investment  Guide to Xiamen hsiamen amoy fuhken fukien
 Search Google Xiamen and Fujian Guide
Fuzhou, Ancient Capital of Fukien
    City of Merchants, Adventurers, Scholars

Adapted from "Fujian Adventure", Magic Fujian, and other books.

Fuzhou Links
History of Foochow FukienHistory Haunted Nantai Island (Foreign Devils & Chinese Ghosts)
Pagoda Anchorage
Downtown Fuzhou Restaurants ShoppingDowntown Fuzhou Cuisine and RestaurantsCuisine  Fuh-chau Specialties and shoppingShopping  Fuhchau Secret Valley of YongtaiSecret Yongtai Foochow Muslim MosqueMosque Guide to Fuzhou HotelsHotels

¡°Thence I passed eastward to a certain city called Fuzhou¡­The city is aAriel ship raced from Pagoda Anchorage to London mighty fine one, and stands upon the sea¡­Here be seen the greatest cocks in the world.¡± (Friar Odoric¡ªFranciscan in China, 1323-1327)

Tall Ships and Tall Tales Three magnificent tea clippers, vast sails billowing, raced out of Fuzhou¡¯s Pagoda Anchorage on May 30th, 1866, in a breakneck race to London. They didn¡¯t see each other again until September 6th ¡ª3 months and 15,700 miles later. The Taiping beat the Ariel by 30 minutes, and the Serica sailed in a few hours later!

Majestic tall ships plied the waters between Fuzhou, London, and New York, trading in silk, tea, and opium. They were built for beauty as well as for speed¡ªcopper bottoms, black topsides, gold or yellow trim, varnished masts and spars, bleached teak decks, snow-white sails, and enough gleaming brass trim to blind enraptured onlookers as the ships sailed out of the jaws of the mighty Min River, which carries more water than the Yangtze--though not all made it.Famous China Pagoda at Mawei Pagoda Island or, Pagoda Anchorage  Foochow

Between Pagoda Anchorage and the sea, the Min surged through a narrow gorge that was so tight that old salts claimed monkeys jumping from one side to the other got their tails caught in the rigging. These were tall tales, for tall ships, but many a ship, like the Oriental in 1853 and the Vision in 1857, sank in the mighty Min. No one took the Min for granted¡ªespecially the Chinese, who were the greatest ocean-going adventurers of the ancient world. About the end of 1431, prior to his last voyage, the great mariner Zhenghe himself erected a table near the mouth of the Min, in what is now Changle. With all modesty he noted that his unparalleled expeditions had unified seas and continents, and that all nations had become subjects of China, bearing precious gifts to the Ming Emperor.

¡°The vessels which they navigate to Cathay be very big, and have upon the ship¡¯s hull more than one hundred cabins, and with a fair wind they carry ten sails¡­¡±   Friar Jordanus

Neolithic Fuzhou   Fuzhou was first settled by Neolithic tribes about Neolithic remains in Fuzhou (aka Foochow Fuhchau Fuh-chau )5,000 years ago.  The first city walls were raised in 202 B.C. when it became the capital city of Minyue. Fuzhou was named after Fu Mountain, which Chinese say resembles the character Fu (¸£, Prosperity). If so, it¡¯s sloppy calligraphy. I think that rumor was started by someone named Fu Ling Yu.

Ancient Economic Powerhouse   Fuzhou folk were trading overseas before most of China knew seas existed, and the city was an international trading port by the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD).  Although Fuzhou was an economic powerhouse, her entrepreneurial people balanced commerce with culture and education. The great Tang Dynasty writer, Han Yu, said the cultural level of Fuzhou equaled that of China¡¯s capital, Chang¡¯An. The city had several nationally famous academies, and China¡¯s first public library, Chaojing Tower.

Revolutionists  Fuzhou folks¡¯ fearlessness in blazing new trails, economically, politically, or culturally, perhaps explains why the city was twice designated the temporary capital of China, and in 1933 was looked upon as the ¡°Revolutionary Capital of China.¡± Fuzhou was home to some of China¡¯s greatest shipbuilders, merchants, poets, philosophers, and patriots, like Linze Xu. At least 850,000 overseas Chinese claim Fuzhou as their hometown.

Fiery Folk The Mongols had their hands full when Marco Polo wrote:

¡°Now this city of Fuzhou is the key of the kingdom which is called Chonka¡­and subject to the Great Khan. And a large garrison is maintained there by that prince to keep the kingdom in peace and subjection. For the city is one which is apt to revolt on very slight provocation¡­.¡±

Fuzhou folk were still not keen on foreign devils 550 years later, when they forced their way in after the Opium War. Maybe that¡¯s why the Chinese stuck the lot of them out on a haunted island¡­
I played Admiral Elliott in Lin Zexu TV Mini Series

Nantai Island¡­Foreign Devils and GhostsThe first Opium War forced Fuzhou open as a Treaty Port¡ªat least on paper. But battleships and lawyers didn¡¯t win the people¡¯s hearts, and the Laowai still had to fight tooth and nail to get land for commerce and housing. I had a taste of their poor reception when I played Admiral Elliott in a TV series. (Like the modern binoculars? At least I persuaded them to ditch the telephone and typewrite on my London desk!).

After opening the Canton consulate in July 1843, George Tradescant Lay arrived in Fuzhou in July 1844. But Fuzhou folk didn¡¯t welcome him with wide-open arms! He was forced off his ship at Pagoda Island and made to go up river in a small boat. Fuzhou authorities allocated him a house in a poor class neighborhood.. The house was built of boards, over the river, which flooded twice a day. He was later moved to another house which he complained, ¡®kept out neither sun nor rain.¡¯

Foreigners had opened Fuzhou¡¯s doors at gunpoint, and now they insisted on living inside the city walls¡ªas if familiarity would breed camaraderie rather than contempt. The Chinese, however, were ingenious in finding reasons to keep the Laowai outside the gates. ¡°Tall buildings destroy the fengshui,¡± was a favorite ploy.

Eventually the Chinese found a solution: put the foreign devils with the Haunted Nantai Island of Foochow (foreign devils and Chinese ghosts) ghosts! The foreigners were allowed to build their settlement, with its fine colonial mansions, consulates, and churches, upon an old burial ground on Nantai Island, to the south. This made it tough to keep servants, who were afraid of ghosts, but at least it helped keep the rent down. ...  Click for Tour of Haunted Nantai Island.

Fuzhou Muslim MosqueFuzhou History (birthplace of Chinese Maritime Industry)
Fuzhou Muslim Mosque
Pagoda Island (famous "China Pagoda," Sino-French Battle, etc.)
Haunted Nantai Island International Settlement
Foochow's Haunted Nantai Island Tour  (Includes old Consulates, Rotary Club, haunted churches...)
Downtown FuchauHeart of Fuzhou: 3 Wards & 7 Streets, Li Family House, Banyan City, Yushan Hill and White Pagoda, Clay People, etc.
Fuzhou Muslim MosqueQingjing Mosque
Secret Valley of Yongtai  FoochowSecret Valley of Yongtai (Fujian's Best Kept Secret)
Fuzhou Cuisine (Budda Leaps the Wall)
Fuzhou Cuisine  (Buddha Jumps the Wall Soup, Pounded Pork, Fish Balls)
Fuzhou Specialties and ShoppingFuzhou Shopping
Note: Fuzhou was also spelled Foochow, Fuh-chau, Fuhchau, etc.

TRAVEL LINKS Hakka Earthen architecture Favorite Fujian Sites Photographs of Fuhken places like Zhangzhou, Longyan, Ningde, Sanming, Wuyi MountainFujian Foto Album AmoyMagic-- Travel , Resident and Business Guide to Xiamen and FujianXiamen Gulangyu Kulangyu Kolongsoo Kolongsu KulongsuGulangyu Guide to Fukien Fuhken Fujian Guides Mystic Quanzhou -- the fabled port of Zayton ( or Zaytun Zaitun Zaiton ) from which Marco Polo sailed,  Sinbad the Arab visited.  ChinchewQuanzhou
Zhangzhou  changchow Zhangzhou Longyan Yongding Liancheng Changting Amoy Tigers LianchengLongyan Wuyi Mountain Guide Zhuxi  tea Wuyi Mtn Ningde Taimu Mountain ZhouningNingde Putian Fujian Xianyou Mazu TemplePutian Sanming Scenic Wonderland Mingxi Gem bed rubies Sanming Zhouning Carp VillageZhouning Hakka Earthen architecture Taimu Mtn. Hakka Earthen architecture Roundhouses Fujian covered wooden bridgesBridges Hakka Earthen architecture Jiangxi Hakka Earthen architecture Guilin Help Build an online  community for foreigners.  Join the Xiamen Guide forumOrder Books Letters from AmoyMagic ReadersReaders' Letters Travelogues by Scott Ballantyne

Gulangyu Kulangyu Kolongsoo Kolongsu Kulongsu

Guide to Xiamen University Historic and modern, including departments -- Arts Science computers mathematics accounting management law department etc.
Xiamen Univ

Mystic Quanzhou -- the fabled port of Zayton ( or Zaytun Zaitun Zaiton ) from which Marco Polo sailed,  Sinbad the Arab visited.  Chinchew

AmoyMagic-- Travel , Resident and Business Guide to Xiamen and Fujian

Fujian Adv

Guide to Fukien Fuhken  Bilingual Chinese English Parallel with MP3 CD

Click to e-mail Dr. Bill Brown or Susan BrownClick to E-mail Email address for Bill and Sue Brown     Letters from AmoyMagic ReadersReaders'Letters

Last Updated: May 2007Return to main page and main menu of Amoymagic Return to Main Page       Return to top of pageBack to Top

Daily Useful Links for Xiamen Guide and Fujian Guide
Frequently Asked Questions about Xiamen andFujianFAQs
Info on apartments or houses in Xiamen, real estate agentsReal Estate
Xiamen Shopping guide malls supermarketsShopping Download  Xiamen MapsMaps
Train rail schedule for Xiamen, fukien Trains Amoy Bus ScheduleBusses
Xiamen hotels guesthouses hostels Hotels English News Services sources in Xiamen Fujian ChinaNews (CT)
Doctors Dentists Hospitals Clinics in Xiamen Jimei and Tong'an Medical & Dental
Xiamen YMCA and YWCAYMCA Volunteer! Xiamen International Christian Fellowship Expat Nondenominational interdenominational
Xiamen International Christian FellowshipXICF Fellowship 
Xiamen Churches Protestant Catholic Seventh Day Adventist Amoy Mission Missionaries AbeelChurches
Xiamen Expat Association Welcome SupportExpat Groups
Hire a Maid Household help servant baomu amah etc.Maids Xiamen Emergency and Frequently used telephone numbersPhone #s
Education Links for Xiamen University, Xiamen International School, Chinese Study, History, Xiamen Libraries, Museums
Xiamen University GuideXiamen University
Xiamen International School  International Baccalaureate ProgramXIS(Int'l School)
Study Mandarin Chinese or Minnan Dialect at Xiamen University  or with private tutorStudy Mandarin
China Studies Program Xiamen University  Council for Christian Colleges and Universities Washington D.C. Jay LundeliusCSP(China Studies)
Piano Island Music Events Xiamen Philharmonic OrchestraLibrary Xiamen Museum Library Science Center  World's largest organ museum Asia's largest piano museum China's first anthropology museum Sino Eurolpean art museum etc.Museums
History of Amoy Changchow Chinchew Zaiton Fukien etc.History
Dining Links (Chinese and International Restaurants in Xiamen and Fujian
Xiamen restaurants dining western and Chinese cuisineRestaurants Xiamen Asian restaurants -- Singapore Thailand Thai Malaysian  Japanese Korean PhilippineAsian
Xiamen Vegetarian cuisine Nanputuo Temple Seventh Day Adventist Health foodVeggie Xiamen Restaurants Fast Food McDonalds KFC Kentucky Fried Chicken Pizza Hut Burger King (just kidding!) Cafes Coffee shopsJunk Food
Xiamen restaurants dining western and Chinese cuisineChinese Xiamen Italian Restaurants -- over 40!  Pizza pasta cheeseItalian
Western (Internationall) Cuisine in XiamenInternationalAlien visa info -- Americans, Europeans E.T. Outer space visitors
Chinese visa and passport informationVisas 4 aliens
Recreation Links: Beach, Sports, Parks, Gardens, Birdwatching, Martial Arts, Music
Hakka Earthen architecture Massage!
Hakka Earthen architecture Beaches Kite Flying in Xiamen ChinaFly Kites
Sports -- Golf, Badminton Tennis Bowling Paint BallSports Xiamen Boardwalk One of the most beautiful boardwalks in China or anywhere else.  Along the Island Ring road over 6km long so far.Boardwalk
Xiamen Parks, recreation, hiking boardwalk etcParks Xiamen Museum Library Science Center etcPets
Bird watching in Xiamen Amoy  SwinhoeBirdwatching
Martial arts Chinese Kung FuKung Fu Hiking around Xiamen BushwalksHiking
Piano Island Music Events Xiamen Philharmonic OrchestraMusic Events
Chinese festivals and culture minnanFestival&Culture
Chinese Jokes Humor Funny China photosHumor&Chinese Jokes Humor Funny China photosFun Fotosfunny photos of China
Doing Business in Xiamen -- Teach in China, Hire Workers, Translation Services, Trade Fairs
Doing Business Invest in Xiamen Fujian ChinaDoing Business
Work or teach in Xiamen, Quanzhou or other Fujian schools and universities  English French RussianJobs!(teach/work)
Hire permanent or temporary workers labor craftsmen maids tutorsHire Workers
Foreign Companies in Xiamen Joint Ventures Foreign Companies
China International Fair for Investment and Trade and Cross Straits Exchanges
CIFIT (Trade Fair)
Common Talk Xiamen Dailys Weekly English SupplementMTS(Translation)

Back to TopReturn to top of Xiamen Guide